Clear can access carbon offset projects from hundreds of high quality sustainable projects based in most regions of the world. To give you some idea of what is possible, we have listed below some of the projects that we have invested in for our clients over recent years. All meet the high standards mandated by the Quality Assurance Standard – the most stringent audit system for carbon offset projects worldwide.
9 Thailand – Tapioca Methane Capture & Sustainable Energy
The first of our Thai carbon offset projects is Gold Standard and tackles a major environmental problem for the Thai economy – how to reduce the emissions from the production of Tapioca starch. Previously the process released methane gas which is 21 times more potent at warming the planet than CO2 and substantially decreases the air quality around the plant which is in Kamphaengphet Province north of Bangkok. Now the methane is captured and used to provide sustainable energy, water and fertiliser for farmers and new jobs for the local population.
8 Kenya – Efficient Cookstove Carbon Offset Projects
Our second African project has replaced open fire cooking with efficient cook stoves in three districts within Kenya (UNFCCC5336). The stoves have allowed a 67% reduction in the burning of non-renewable biomass plus many other co-benefits, including reduced deforestation, reduced poverty due to lower expenditure on cooking fuels, improved air quality indoors, reduced burns and injuries from exposure to open fire and reduced exposure of firewood collectors (mainly women) to hazards in remote areas.
7 Tanzania – Landfill Gas Capture Energy Project
Our Tanzania landfill gas recovery project (UNFCCC 908) was put in place to help the residents around a waste landfill site in Dar Es Salaam in Tanzania. Locals had originally made a request to the City Council to reclaim land lost due to serious erosion in 1977 using solid waste materials.
The council agreed to operate a solid waste landfill site and started planning for its closure in 2004 by looking into leachate management and landfill gas capture. It was approved as a CDM project in 2007 and gas flaring began in 2008.
The project provided jobs, health benefits, skills transfer and electricity for local residents and improved local safety and an improved environment through covering the dumpsite area with clay soil and planting of grass and trees. It also raised much needed revenues for the council providing other services for the community. By 2012 it had already achieved 37,000 tonnes of CO2e emissions reductions. You can find all the calculations and quality measures in the Project Design Document on the CDM page.
6 India – Rice Husk Cogeneration Clean Energy Project
The Siddeshwari project (UNFCCC 235) is a small scale biomass cogeneration initiative in a paper mill in the Uttar Pradesh region of northern India. It uses local rice husks (which would have been dumped to rot, producing methane) to instead produce electricity and steam to power the mill. This replaces three old diesel generators and a coal-fired boiler and has saved 17,814 tonnes of CO2 emissions every year since it started in 2003.
Without carbon funding through the United Nations, such carbon offset projects would not be possible. Upfront capital costs and rising biomass prices due to a weak distribution infrastructure made it financially unviable. However in a region where 81% of power is generated from coal and electricity capacity is forecast to lag behind demand by almost 15% by 2014, the benefits are clear. You can find all the calculations and assumptions behind additionality and other important quality measures in the Project Design Document on the CDM page.
5 Brazil – Small Hydro Plant Project
The Braço Norte IV Plant is also a small run of river hydro project located near to its sister Braço Norte III plant. The reservoir which feeds the river is only three square kilometres in size – this is small enough to avoid the environmental impact sometimes associated with larger hydroelectric schemes. The water passing through the Braço Norte IV Hydro Plant eventually ends up in the Amazon River.
Braço Norte IV generates 14MW of electricity for the Brazilian Integrated Grid. The energy is fed in at the nearby Matupá sub-station which assures far greater stability for local energy supplies, essential for sustainable growth in this remote region.
These carbon offset projects are on track to reduce carbon dioxide emissions in the area by 319 thousand tonnes during the seven years that the project runs from August 2007.
4 Ecuador – Bagasse Cogeneration Project (SCBCP)
The San Carlos Bagasse Cogeneration project allows efficient combustion of bagasse (renewable residue from sugarcane processing) in an Ecuadorian sugar mill near the central coast. Since the project started, the mill has been able to sell electricity to the national grid, displacing fossil-fuelled energy with its greater CO2 emissions.
Finally, San Carlos considers its employees to be its most valuable and most important resource. The company has funded the San Carlos Hospital to assist the workers and family for free; it is considered the best hospital in the region. The company also provides housing and education through its Collective Contract which supports earnings, working terms, uniforms, tools, and other social contractual benefits.
San Carlos has also been developing a reforestation program, planting Teca, Caoba, Amarillo, Cedro, Laurel, Guayacán and Fremín Sánchez. More information on San Carlos Bagasse Cogeneration Project can be found here.
3 Nicaragua – Geothermal Project
The San Jacinto-Tizate Geothermal Project is a clean, renewable energy geothermal plant in central Nicaragua. Nicaragua is a country endowed with large geothermal potential due to the presence of volcanoes of the Marribios range on the Pacific coast, but this has not been pursued because of financial barriers which this project has overcome. Energy demand in Nicaragua has been growing at an annual average rate of over 5 % but there is still a reliance on energy from highly polluting fossil fuels.
This project contributes to sustainable development by bringing economic and development benefits to an economically depressed area, through improved and cheaper electricity supply with less price volatility and increased foreign investment. The local population benefits through skills transfer in and employment opportunities. The project is not visible from the local village and no land use displacement has occurred.
More information on San Jacinto Tizate Geothermal Project can be found here.
2 Brazil – Small Hydro Project
The Braço Norte III Plant is a small, clean, renewable energy hydro plant located in a remote region in central Brazil. Unlike large scale hydro carbon offset projects, it generates almost no environmental impact.
The region is one of the fastest growing regions in the country. The business as usual energy supply to match this increase in demand was gas fired power plants – this project has supplanted the fossil fuels which would have been burnt. The project also avoids the transmission losses which used to happen over the long distance to connect to the National Grid. It also provides increased stability thanks to locally distributed generation.
The project is promoting sustainable development, providing increased employment, diversified electricity generation, clean technologies, and conserving natural resource to meet Agenda 21 and the Sustainable Development Criteria for Brazil. More information on Braco Norte III Small Hydro Plant can be found here.
The CAMIL Itaqui Biomass Electricity Generation Project is the first of Clear’s carbon offset projects and an excellent example of how offsets can beneift a community while delivering reliable emissions reductions. It generates clean electricity using discarded rice husks (biomass) which would have been left to decay and produce methane, one of the most dangerous greenhouse gases. The electricity consumption from the grid is totally displaced by the power plant and the surplus is sold to the grid. The amount of CO2e avoided because of this project is estimated to be 57,341 tonnes every year.
The main activity in the region is rice production and rice mills generate huge amounts of biomass residues (mainly rice husks). As a result, huge amount of rice husks were being left to decay. Before the power plant installation, 81% of rice husks produced were disposed in legal landfills outside the plant. Afterwards, 70% of rice husk production is being used for fuel in the boiler. Surplus electricity has been sold to the grid, using 93% of all generated rice husks for project activity.